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A Picture of the Milky Way's Supermassive Black Hole

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  • Published on May 11, 2022
  • This is an image of the supermassive black hole, Sagittarius A*, at the center of our Milky Way galaxy.
    Visit www.kiwico.com/veritasium30 to get 30% off your first month of any crate!
    ▀▀▀
    Image of Sgr A* from EHT collaboration
    Event Horizon Telescope collaboration: ve42.co/EHT
    Animations from The Relativistic Astrophysics group, Institute for Theoretical Physics, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt. Massive thanks to Prof. Luciano Rezzolla, Dr Christian Fromm and Dr Alejandro Cruz-Osorio.
    A huge thanks to Prof. Peter Tuthill and Dr Manisha Caleb for feedback on earlier versions of this video and helping explain VLBI.
    Great video by Thatcher Chamberlin about VLBI here - ru-clip.com/video/Y8rAHTvpJbk/video.html
    Animations and simulations with English text:
    L. R. Weih & L. Rezzolla (Goethe University Frankfurt)
    ru-clip.com/video/jvftAadCFRI/video.html
    Video of stars going around Sgr A* from European Southern Observatory
    www.eso.org/public/videos/eso...
    Video zooming into the center of our galaxy from European Southern Observatory
    www.youtube.com/watch?v=dXAU0...
    Video of observation of M87 courtesy of:
    C. M. Fromm, Y. Mizuno & L. Rezzolla (Goethe University Frankfurt)
    ru-clip.com/video/meOKmzhTcIY/video.html
    Video of observation of SgrA* courtesy of
    C. M. Fromm, Y. Mizuno & L. Rezzolla (Goethe University Frankfurt)
    Z. Younsi (University College London)
    ru-clip.com/video/VnsZj9RvhFU/video.html
    Video of telescopes in the array 2017:
    C. M. Fromm & L. Rezzolla (Goethe University Frankfurt)
    ru-clip.com/video/Ame7fzBuFnk/video.html
    Animations and simulations (no text):
    L. R. Weih & L. Rezzolla (Goethe University Frankfurt)
    ru-clip.com/video/XmvpKFSvB7A/video.html
    ▀▀▀
    Special thanks to Patreon supporters: Inconcision, Kelly Snook, TTST, Ross McCawley, Balkrishna Heroor, Chris LaClair, Avi Yashchin, John H. Austin, Jr., OnlineBookClub.org, Dmitry Kuzmichev, Matthew Gonzalez, Eric Sexton, john kiehl, Anton Ragin, Diffbot, Micah Mangione, MJP, Gnare, Dave Kircher, Burt Humburg, Blake Byers, Dumky, Evgeny Skvortsov, Meekay, Bill Linder, Paul Peijzel, Josh Hibschman, Mac Malkawi, Michael Schneider, jim buckmaster, Juan Benet, Ruslan Khroma, Robert Blum, Richard Sundvall, Lee Redden, Vincent, Stephen Wilcox, Marinus Kuivenhoven, Clayton Greenwell, Michael Krugman, Cy 'kkm' K'Nelson, Sam Lutfi, Ron Neal
    ▀▀▀
    Written by Derek Muller
    Animation by Ivy Tello, Mike Radjabov, Maria Raykova
    Filmed by Petr Lebedev

Comments • 9 164

  • Just Some Guy without a Mustache

    Absolutely jaw dropping how inconceivably huge these supermassive black holes are. I always love it when Veritasium delves into the topic of space.

  • Helmut and Moshe
    Helmut and Moshe 12 hours ago +276

    It's important to mention that the "movie" of the stars orbiting our central black hole is time-lapse footage spanning nearly 20 years. I showed this to someone unfamiliar with astronomy and physics and the first thing they said is "the stars move that fast?!" - thinking that it was somehow real time footage.

  • Lonely Sandwich
    Lonely Sandwich 12 hours ago +614

    The way you describe the 'Earth sized" telescope at 10 minutes was so perfect.

  • Suchithra S
    Suchithra S 12 hours ago +373

    The world needs teachers like him! Watched many videos about Sgr A* imaging and none of them explained it as clearly and simple as he did! I am marking this video as my black hole reference.

  • Yecto
    Yecto 12 hours ago +119

    This guy needs some kind of highest award for teaching humanity in such a easier way for us to understand

  • TC
    TC 2 hours ago +2

    Idk, there’s something hunting and beautiful about the finality of the theoretical existence of an object as mind bending as a black hole; let alone a supermassive black hole in our own backyard. It’s as awesome as it is frightening.

  • Advesh Darvekar
    Advesh Darvekar 16 hours ago +3

    This is hands down the best explanation of a black hole I've ever heard.

  • Mike Delgrande
    Mike Delgrande 4 hours ago +4

    Man, thank you for making these videos. I’ve been obsessed with astronomy and Astro physics my entire life but you somehow have a way of explaining things that helps me to understand better than ever. I’ve thought about that image of a black hole from interstellar for years now trying to figure out why it looked the way it did. I knew it had a lot to do with the mass and warping of space time but this video is so informative. Thanks again for the great content.

  • seeni gzty
    seeni gzty 2 hours ago +3

    As always, truly quality work! Thank you for all the hard work you put into these videos! Feels like a professional documentary every time

  • Nat Levasseur
    Nat Levasseur 4 hours ago +4

    Thank you for explaining how the image was obtained. I love learning about the science and techniques used to arrive at a discovery, or in this case, in getting an image of something so incredibly far away.

  • E
    E 7 hours ago +8

    Goosebumps!

  • misolou fout
    misolou fout 4 hours ago +2

    The fact that I could understand everything you said, speaks volumes about your ability to teach. Thank you for making me feel smarter than I actually am!

  • hecker
    hecker 14 hours ago +1

    More space please. This was absolutely amazing. Thanks.

  • Naresh Cherukuri
    Naresh Cherukuri 12 hours ago +48

    Your dedication and interest to make us understand the concepts are extremely adorable. This is the best explanation I have ever seen on the internet.

  • L B
    L B 9 hours ago +54

    This was so rewarding to watch and fascinating to learn how far we’ve come in proving black holes exist. In my college astronomy texts from just two decades ago it was all still considered just theoretical. Thanks Veritasium!

  • Fadi Afa Al-Refaee
    Fadi Afa Al-Refaee 7 hours ago +11

    Hello Derek, I applaud as excitedly as I can what you do; thrilled my pre-teen children look forward to each of your videos and deeply satisfied and comforted when they walk away fascinated and excited how they learned a fundamental and complex concept that might have otherwise been too difficult to grasp. I feel less disappointed as a father bent on staying in "scientist" mode that you and the videos you deliver exist! You have my eternal gratitude and my undying support!

  • Peter Yianilos
    Peter Yianilos 9 hours ago +29

    That we have managed to aggregate instruments across the earth’s surface to achieve once impossible resolution is a real triumph for science, made possible by the use of GPS timing and location cues embedded in computer algorithms processing results gathered around the globe. Despite my understanding it, it’s a stunning accomplishment.

  • ARYA MAITRA
    ARYA MAITRA 4 hours ago +9

    Sweetly explained! Really insightful and something that I inadvertently committed to memory, without even trying too hard.

  • Achintya SG
    Achintya SG 16 hours ago +630

    10:31

  • Parth Srinivasan
    Parth Srinivasan 9 hours ago +13

    I‘ve pretty much replaced Netflix with Veritasium. I mean, there are other great and very interesting channels in RU-clip as well, but this one just takes the prize! Thanks Derek!