Why This Stuff Costs $2700 Trillion Per Gram - Antimatter at CERN

  • Published on Nov 14, 2019
  • Physics Girl is on Patreon! ►► www.patreon.com/physicsgirl
    There’s a factory in Europe that makes antimatter! It’s the rarest, most expensive, and potentially the most dangerous material on earth. Scientists don’t know why this material is so rare. Anti-atoms took 72 years after we discovered antimatter to make. Why?
    Thanks to CERN, Elise Wursten, Loïc Bommersbach and Sarah Charley
    Creator/Host: Dianna Cowern
    Editor: Levi Butner
    Research & Writing: Sophia Chen & Dianna & Imogen Ashford
    Current estimate of Antimatter, courtesy of Elise:
    Stefan Ulmer made a back-of-the-envelope calculation based on energy and power consumption. The explanation goes as follows:
    1. CERN produces 3e7 antiprotons per AD cycle or about 1e15 per year
    2. This is about 1e15*1.67e-27kg = 1.67 nanogram per year
    3. 1 gram of antiprotons has an energy (E=mc^2) of 9e13 Joule
    4. The efficiency of the antiproton production process is 1e-9, so you need a billion times more energy: 9e22 Joule
    5. The cost of power for CERN is 1kWh = 3.6e6 Joule = 0.1 euro
    6. So that would make 0.1/3.6e6*9e22 = 2.5e15 euro
    7. And it would take CERN 6e8 years
    ntrs.nasa.gov/archive/nasa/casi.ntrs.nasa.gov/19990110316.pdf (1999)
    nuclearsecrecy.com/nukemap/ - you can see the nuke city
    Mass of Fish: "Contribution of Fish to the Marine Inorganic Carbon Cycle" rsmas.miami.edu/groups/grosell/PDFs/2009%20Wilson%20et%20al.pdf
    Dirac’s attitude about the positive solution to his equation www.newscientist.com/article/dn17111-how-dirac-predicted-antimatter/
    Dave’s Essay: multimidia.ufrgs.br/conteudo/frontdaciencia/dirac%20antimatter%20paper.pdf
    Questions at CERN
    Creating Antihidrogen:
  • Science & TechnologyScience & Technology

Comments • 6 801

  • Michael
    Michael 2 hours ago

    And happy what did she say?

  • shirshendu chatterjee
    shirshendu chatterjee 5 hours ago

    you are so cute

  • Cracker Boxy
    Cracker Boxy 9 hours ago

    What are the implications of this in the realm of quantum entanglement?

  • FruitOfTheGrapes
    FruitOfTheGrapes 9 hours ago

    Now starting a petition to call a electron a negatron. For diction and syntax of course.

  • Mike O'Keefe
    Mike O'Keefe 9 hours ago

    Brains and beauty....wow..... !

  • Topsoil Depletion Awareness (closing the loop)

    What if antimatter gets pull by gravity more so most of the antimatter is in black holes?

  • C Money
    C Money 19 hours ago

    OR POOF!!!

  • Intermountain Gold Refiners

    Anti Hydrogen? is it a dimer?

  • jackson george
    jackson george 22 hours ago

    hi dear, I
    can't believe this. how can we store one gram of antimatter on the earth, because everything was created on the earth is made up of matter. could you please tell me if you know.

    • Lünkel
      Lünkel 21 hour ago

      The basic idea is to have a vacuum chamber and keep the antimatter suspended using magnetic fields I believe.

  • Diego de la Llata

    What about the PET scan? How does that work?

  • Evan Davies
    Evan Davies Day ago

    FYI the United Nations is in NYC ;)

  • CrippledMerc
    CrippledMerc Day ago

    Matter and antimatter are like an identical twin brother and sister. The same, but opposite.

  • Aaron Phelps
    Aaron Phelps Day ago

    fake science, Stop Lying

  • Jase Lynch
    Jase Lynch Day ago

    Apple in a few year
    "Ey lemme get a gram"

  • Indigo Storm
    Indigo Storm Day ago

    Nice hat

  • Dmitry Vakulenko

    when the text "a.d.hall" went on screen, i immediately thought about object oriented programming

  • protools fanatic

    doesn't make sense to make something that is so sensitive that a 5 gallon pale would blow up 1000 square miles. what is the point ya know.

  • rj cole
    rj cole Day ago

    Please fix that table lol

  • Joshua Apathy Miller

    So we have matter & anti-matter, and dark matter...is there dark anti-matter?

  • American Enigma _
    American Enigma _ Day ago +1

    Manages to get antimatter in a bottle ! Takes it out , drops it accidentally! Oops ! Apocalypse begins ......bye bye earth

  • Ryu Ken
    Ryu Ken Day ago

    Black lives anti matter

  • õõ
    õõ Day ago

    So if all the matter in the apparent universe coalesced, just a small proportion of antimatter would create a huge explosion.

  • Linas Martusevičius

    Wait... 10 nukes to destroy Manhattan?...

  • gtb111
    gtb111 2 days ago +1

    How do we know if Andromeda isn't an antimatter-galaxy? (Or some Galaxy out there)

  • kalez238
    kalez238 2 days ago

    So does anyone know the results of the spectroscopie experiment of antihydrogen vs that of hydrogen?

  • Peter Pan
    Peter Pan 2 days ago

    The monetary value is nonsensical. It's not like you can sell or buy it. Load of bollicks.

  • Ankit Nain
    Ankit Nain 2 days ago

    Please improve thumbnail ..i ignored this video just because of poor thumbnail...✓ but it is damn good video

  • gaijininja
    gaijininja 2 days ago

    Maybe there was almost equal quantities of matter and antimatter after the big bang, but as there was slightly more matter, that is all that is left after all the rest of the matter and antimatter annihilated. Dark energy, the mysterious yet unexplained hypothetical "pulse" not long after the big bang, and the fact the universe is accelerating it's expansion rate could all be because of the annihilation of all the matter/antimatter, and the remains of the energy produced. A few particles of antimatter annihilating would go "poof", but a quantity 10, 100, 10E99 times the mass of the known universe now would go boom for hundreds of millions of years. Our universe IS the post annihilation "Boom!"

  • dijasom
    dijasom 2 days ago

    always confuses me why people question why antimatter and matter didn't wipe each other out, yet never see someone question whether or not we are just a tiny bubble of the original universes "big bang" sent through a wormhole, with more matter than antimatter.
    Assuming of course, wormholes are possible, wouldn't that initial energetic setting, make for the most plausible situation where they would occur?

  • sheth tejas
    sheth tejas 2 days ago

    Anti proton costs $ 13 a kilo
    ~ Xi Jinping

  • Zakaria Rabiai
    Zakaria Rabiai 2 days ago

    Assuming the big bang is real

  • Jared Stuart
    Jared Stuart 2 days ago

    All these videos about finding hidden safes full of gold coins. What we should all be looking for is some antimatter!

  • foxhound928
    foxhound928 2 days ago

    Nostradamus did predict a very large explosion at Geneva.

  • Ravi Dhyani
    Ravi Dhyani 3 days ago

    U explained very well. Awesome

  • Status Quo
    Status Quo 3 days ago +1

    Producing anti-matter - cannot even install flicker-free lamps.

  • E. Vasquez
    E. Vasquez 3 days ago

    eventually we will learn to make extraterrestrial tools .... this will be the key for manned UFO'S... and maybe time travel.

  • King Hero
    King Hero 3 days ago

    the reason you don't find antimatter on earth is for two reasons 1 it annihilate with matter, and 2 it is gravitationally repelled by matter

  • Ken Nguyen
    Ken Nguyen 3 days ago +3

    I can't get over that plant wobbling around every time she leans on that uneven table

  • islam saied
    islam saied 4 days ago

    I have a massive crush over physics girl :"""""S

  • Siyao Lee
    Siyao Lee 4 days ago +1

    So the first person comes to my mind is you.

  • Von Paraz
    Von Paraz 4 days ago

    I'm envious...

  • Thebuilderofthings1
    Thebuilderofthings1 4 days ago

    Nothing really antimatter's to me....

  • S P
    S P 4 days ago

    Maybe there wasn’t meant to be more of it, curiosity is good and all and learning new stuff to advance us is great, but when something “can’t even touch the air” maybe it’s a big warning sign from nature telling us not to go there lol
    Awesome videos tho

  • Cheese .EXE.
    Cheese .EXE. 4 days ago +13

    Rappers are gonna be flexing with antimatter watches in 100 years.

  • Anshil Agarwal
    Anshil Agarwal 4 days ago

    Plz explain this in next video

  • Shoeless b
    Shoeless b 4 days ago

    Ive been making my own out of Chinese antisheetrock.

  • ToyJunkie1981
    ToyJunkie1981 5 days ago

    There must be some anti-matter at Fort Knox.

  • Clifford Williams
    Clifford Williams 5 days ago


  • Ahmed M. Ragb
    Ahmed M. Ragb 5 days ago

    Watching this while playing the Antimatter dimensions game make me feel so smart omg

  • Vasiliy Ulin
    Vasiliy Ulin 5 days ago

    I had never seen a 'cute' side to the physics girl before.
    *checks* yap...still on the physics girl channel... I must've got transported to the anti-universe or something...

  • Mia Aailiya Cardenas

    Oh wow, the cool part is that I already know about this................................ Thanks to the "Angels and Demons" by Dan Brown, I predicted a physics girl episode!!!!!! I legit feel so smart rn.

  • Drachenfels
    Drachenfels 6 days ago

    Honestly. all the fish to the destroy the moon? What about a grain of sand to blew up your house and all other houses in 1 mile vicinity?

  • Jayasurya M
    Jayasurya M 6 days ago

    Positive *Negative*
    Years *Days*

  • Fanjan Combrink
    Fanjan Combrink 6 days ago

    HAHAHAHHAHA..."or POOF!" Sounds like a friendly mafia boss, being very serious, but sounds friendly.

  • dimirsen
    dimirsen 6 days ago

    Can there be black holes consisting of antimatter? Do they differ?

  • bill button
    bill button 6 days ago

    if it combusts when it reacts to our matter, that kind of answers the question why it so rare.

    • bill button
      bill button 4 days ago

      why? it may seem to combust in our dimension but is actually sent to another dimension where our matter is rare.

    • Vool 268
      Vool 268 4 days ago

      There should have been equal amounts of it created when the universe was made though

  • Razar Campbell
    Razar Campbell 7 days ago

    Holy muppet bums!!!
    After seeing (10:29) Raquel Nuno for 1/3rd of a second, I've discovered that I'm completely in love with her. Can you please ask her to come to Australia so I can meet her?

  • Ranveer Singh
    Ranveer Singh 7 days ago +1

    *I LOVE YOU*

  • JivaldiBeatz
    JivaldiBeatz 7 days ago

    no silly.it wasn’t under maintenance... they just didn’t want anyone to see the inter-dimensional portals being opened .

  • Donald Mannikko
    Donald Mannikko 7 days ago

    So cool that you got to go into the a.d. facility. Super jealous.