The science of emotions: Jaak Panksepp at TEDxRainier

  • Опубликовано: 13 янв 2014
  • Given an inherent subjective nature, emotions have long been a nearly impenetrable topic for scientific research. Affective neuroscientist Jaak Panksepp explains a modern approach to emotions, and how taking seriously the emotions of other animals might soon improve the lives of millions.
    Jaak Panksepp introduced the concept of Affective Neuroscience in 1990, consisting of an overarching vision of how mammalian brains generate experienced affective states in animals, as effective models for fathoming the primal evolutionary sources of emotional feelings in human beings. This work has implications for further developments in Biological Psychiatry, ranging from an understanding of the underlying brain disorders, to new therapeutic strategies. Panksepp is a Ph.D. Professor and Baily Endowed Chair of Animal Well-Being Science, College of Veterinary Medicine, Washington State University. His scientific contributions include more than 400 papers devoted to the study of basic emotional and motivational processes of the mammalian brain. He has conducted extensive research on brain and bodily mechanisms of feeding and energy-balance regulation, sleep physiology, and most importantly the study of emotional processes, including associated feelings states, in other animals.
    This talk was given November 9, 2013 in Seattle at TEDxRainier, a local TEDx event, produced independently of the TED Conferences.
    TEDx is a program of local, self-organized events that bring people together to share a TED-like experience. At a TEDx event, TEDTalks video and live speakers combine to spark deep discussion and connection in a small group. These local, self-organized events are branded TEDx, where x = independently organized TED event. The TED Conference provides general guidance for the TEDx program, but individual TEDx events are self-organized.* (*Subject to certain rules and regulations)

Комментарии • 267

  • Gaia Verita Cassano
    Gaia Verita Cassano 7 дней назад

    Human should think twice before slaughtering and eating animals. Animals feel pain, fear etc. as we feel. Mother Nature (Gaia) provides us feeding, isn't necessary eating innocents beings.

  • Dave Sullivan
    Dave Sullivan 8 дней назад

    Does anyone know the outcomes of the research he refers to in the video? Or citations?

  • Shashank Kumar
    Shashank Kumar 14 дней назад

    Ok, but what are emotions.

  • Mr Hill
    Mr Hill 17 дней назад

    Dude was a genius.

  • DPAK
    DPAK 22 дня назад

    RIP sir

  • Andrew Nuttall
    Andrew Nuttall 26 дней назад

    Over-emphasis on motherhood, complete neglect of fathers. Great work, wildly asymmetrical by not mentioning much his own work. But then again, considering the audience's politics.

  • Buzzer Mornin
    Buzzer Mornin 28 дней назад

    great :D

  • Mark Bunds
    Mark Bunds Месяц назад

    One day when I was playing “chase me - chase you” with my dog, I noticed he was making a sound that wasn’t panting, but short bursts of breath that sounded like “laughter”. I discounted it, but he only makes this sound when he appears to be having great fun. Is it possible that this sound is the equivalent to human laughter?

  • Roaring Road
    Roaring Road Месяц назад

    "we are bothers and sisters under the skin, we understand this then we understand ourselves" - RIP Mr Panksepp

  • Sujit Thomas
    Sujit Thomas Месяц назад +4

    I really loved this speech...accepts it totally Everyone is different and unique in there own way... For some people its emotions for some its money for some it might be any other luxuries or anything ... Its all about the taste or a personal likes of a person which makes them inti something... So a person can't say without feelings or anything life is incomplete and all... For me its not true if u chase your tastes or do what gives you pleasure then its not at all a worthless life...Its all about the value which we give... In my case iam not a emotional creature and I don't give much importance to it... For Me life comes ones and I want to make the best out of it... Not to get into some naggy unwanted feelings... So its your life do what makes you happy if its love or emotions or luxuries or passion whatever it may,go for it... Enjoy your life to the best by tasting all the earthly pleasures..rock hard...

  • zerothehero123
    zerothehero123 2 месяца назад

    Patented medicine glosses over lifestyle and epigenetics yet again. Don't look at things like diet, genes, social environment. Just take a pill to make you forget your sorrows. Now that we understand that all emotion is just neurochemistry, has the need for a natural human life been nullified? Iive however and whatever and when you run into problems just take a pill. Sadly this is a delude d way of thinking. Depression goes hand in hand with chronic inflammation so you may be able to dampen depression, but you will suffer many health issues along with it.

  • Tiana switbeing
    Tiana switbeing 2 месяца назад

    tres interessant ❤ RIP :(

  • Ferii
    Ferii 2 месяца назад


  • TM
    TM 2 месяца назад

    What a wise old man! 💚

  • Karen Forero
    Karen Forero 3 месяца назад

    One of the greatest scientists 🤓

  • zeerBumpi
    zeerBumpi 3 месяца назад

    Long shot, but does anyone know what paper or I can get more information about the experiment he mentiomed where test animals could turn off anger stimuli?

  • MegaMissfitz
    MegaMissfitz 3 месяца назад

    I hope ya managed to pull ya sel together before ya fish and chips. Sweet dreams 😘😘😘

  • Da Bridge Effect
    Da Bridge Effect 3 месяца назад

    Great job!

  • Alejandro playmesalsa
    Alejandro playmesalsa 4 месяца назад +1

    As in October 16th 2018, there are 146 dislikes for this video, which proves that 146 viewers were not hugged enough by their mothers when they were little. I am sorry for all of you guys.

  • Bharati Jayanti
    Bharati Jayanti 5 месяцев назад

    Lucky to get chance to hear in 2018.

  • İbrahim Yılmaz
    İbrahim Yılmaz 5 месяцев назад

    oh the poor committing suicide Israelites and the monstrous mass murdered Palestinians...

  • rodenrren sdc61909
    rodenrren sdc61909 6 месяцев назад

    WTF??? I thought science said animals couldn't process emotions

  • i i
    i i 6 месяцев назад

    His voice is so soothing.

  • unkiledsoldier -_-
    unkiledsoldier -_- 6 месяцев назад

    What if when u feel like you Love someone it's really hate

  • luke stevenson
    luke stevenson 7 месяцев назад

    The feeling you are talking about is a thought.
    The only feeling I know about is the sensory perception touch.
    Which does not tell you anything, you translate that sensation in the framework of your experiencing structure.
    The animal doesn't have the knowledge to translate the sensation into a feeling.
    An animal's feeling is only interested in the point of contact for purposes of preservation and survival. the sense of touch is not there in nature to tell the animal the way it is feeling, it has no functional value in nature so it is discarded. If the animal touches something hot it pulls away, there is no translation necessary, it is just responding to the stimulus. This is the way it is functioning. As a person you record this Sensation then you translate it as a feeling.
    there may be thinking in an animal but we have made it such a complicated thing.
    the domestic animals seem to be exhibiting traits more prevalent with human behaviour. But it is not translating the world dialectically. it doesn't know it itself exist, because to know anything about your existence you must have some knowledge of it.
    your identity is only what you know about yourself .animals don't have an identity, they have no language to identify their self. It's just functioning like the heart it does not know it is beating, it is not asking am I doing it right, what is the meaning of life. it exists but it doesn't have any knowledge of that fact.

  • Erich B.
    Erich B. 7 месяцев назад

    Where is humor? Perhaps in the play system . . .

  • M S
    M S 7 месяцев назад

    Science answer HOW questions not WHY. Hope scientist took notice of this...

  • king last
    king last 7 месяцев назад +2

    Rip x

  • Hom Tom
    Hom Tom 8 месяцев назад

    This man needs to be on the receiving end of aubery de gray work

  • ilya chigrin
    ilya chigrin 9 месяцев назад

    another fascinating talk from TED's. very illuminating

  • Neal Wailing
    Neal Wailing 9 месяцев назад

    Go Vegan!

  • Timothy Corbett, Jr.
    Timothy Corbett, Jr. 9 месяцев назад

    Simply wonderful. Thank you.

  • Reprogramming Mind
    Reprogramming Mind 9 месяцев назад +2

    Thank you for this upload, so great to have captured this moment.

  • Marcy Murrell
    Marcy Murrell 10 месяцев назад

    I wish it was my job to tickle other animals

  • Flynt RavenSpear
    Flynt RavenSpear 10 месяцев назад

    Also, wouldn't the technical solution to human depression wouldn't be to mimic the opposite emotion, but rather to further research how the brain restores, repairs, and develop emotional maturity (in the concept of findings ways to have the brain develop and produce the correct amount of hormones), and arguably utilize human interaction as one of the main ways of treatment? Don't get me wrong; antidepressants are a wonderful short term solution. But it seems like just that; a short term solution to a long term problem.

  • Flynt RavenSpear
    Flynt RavenSpear 10 месяцев назад


  • Othelia Marie
    Othelia Marie 10 месяцев назад

    This is a beautiful talk.

  • Jason Reed
    Jason Reed 11 месяцев назад

    I have never reported a video before. This is dangerous misinformation, folks. Misleading and dangerous.

  • Jason Reed
    Jason Reed 11 месяцев назад

    Jaak's phrasing indicates how incorrect his emotion list is. Rage is an emotion? Or rage is a description for a high level of anger? So that means anger is the emotion, and it exists on a spectrum between annoyance and rage. Unless there is a completely separate method that uses lucky whimsical guesswork, the science of psychology is the answer to understanding emotions and learning how to cope with them. This man is without a doubt mistaken. His solutions will, at best, provide a bandaid for anyone's mental pain that will with virtually zero doubt push your understanding further from the resolutions you are seeking. But hey, some people cut them selves and eat couch cushions to escape their emotional pain. This guy's advice can't be any worse, right?

    • Jason Reed
      Jason Reed 11 месяцев назад

      Positive identification of specific emotion-states in animals, described with enough specificity as to imply he's some sort of Dr. Dolittle who heard them describe their emotions? Please pinch me, I'm having a nightmare.

    • Jason Reed
      Jason Reed 11 месяцев назад

      The rewarding feeling associated with attachment is mediated by serotonin and oxytocin. Opioids activate our dopamine reward system, which has nothing to do with attachment. We are not addicted to attachment, we crave it as a natural instinctive drive. It's THE reason we are social creatures.

  • Nick Bravo
    Nick Bravo 11 месяцев назад

    He reminds me of a mix of George Carlin, and Robert Anton Wilson. Really glad I watched this!

  • LL
    LL 11 месяцев назад +4

    Who are the 113 idiots that downvoted this?

  • John Joseph
    John Joseph 11 месяцев назад

    Very great talk

  • Javier
    Javier 11 месяцев назад +2

    I've been only recently acquainted with Dr. Panksepp's work. I just ordered Affective Neuroscience and can't wait to read it.
    Extremely interesting work and man.
    Rest in Peace.

  • gaurima yadav
    gaurima yadav 11 месяцев назад

    Absolutely Fantastic !!! All we need to do is - JUST BE KIND.

  • Bella Spirite
    Bella Spirite 11 месяцев назад

    Knowing that emotions of many types is just a chemical release of the brain just tell me it's an addiction to whatever chemical is being released therefore all in the head. It's all in the head. It's created like fairy tales. It's not real because it's created. Brain works all sorts of wonders.

  • Dennis R. Levesque
    Dennis R. Levesque Год назад

    You assume facts not-in-evidence. "There is an impenetrable mystery in the fact that subjective experience exists in a physiochemical world." What came first, the chicken or the egg? What if the real mystery was the fact, that a physiochemical phenomenon exists in a subjective world? You have yet to prove the existence/non-existence of the first entity. Until you get the cause/effect straight, you're clueless. That's the real mystery.

  • Sheryl xavier
    Sheryl xavier Год назад

    Big Hug, love and gratitude for giving due respect to animals and their feelings. The emotions in animals has brought enlightenment to many saints in India in the past. God bless you for your invaluable discovery. One who has this deep understanding of animals emotions is definitely a super being My family members are cats, dogs, birds, snakes and many other little species There is such joy living together, nothing can beat this. Love and blessings to all animal lovers

  • david doggy
    david doggy Год назад

    = joy .

  • Sara K.
    Sara K. Год назад

    Extremely interesting 👍

  • Julie Morrison
    Julie Morrison Год назад

    I LOVE this!! Thank you!!

  • Ambi Cahira
    Ambi Cahira Год назад

    Because feelings are so universal we can not just sense what someone else feels in a recording (no body language) even if it's a different language, but I do exactly that with my animals. I hear a vocalization and then I try to feel what the sound feels like and I have become very skilled in hearing the feeling. :)

  • Marla S
    Marla S Год назад

    not a shocker... shocking is the cruelty of humans.

  • Jarod Rogers
    Jarod Rogers Год назад +2

    Wow where do we buy this wonderful stuff :-)

  • Anhad Singha
    Anhad Singha Год назад

    Hello Dr! How can I learn resistance from noise while public speaking or practicing alone generally?

    • Anhad Singha
      Anhad Singha Год назад

      Eddie Toth Humility stops me from speaking against any background sound including people speaking. What do I do in such a case?
      I'm in such a dilemma where I've got British etiquettes yet I need to learn the Americans way

    • Eddie Toth
      Eddie Toth Год назад

      Anhad Singha It's easy to get distracted when others are talking. The only way to be able to resist noise is practice. Practice meditation that focuses on different sounds. Also try speaking with background noise around and keep 3 points always in your mind so you don't lose track :)

  • Whit
    Whit Год назад

    This was started with the age old philosophical question of “I love and I hate can one tell me why?” Well my initial and absolute beginning to my own answer of the question is that “one” referred to is not another human or higher power. But the actual subjects of the question. Can what I love tell me why I hate? And can what I hate tell me why I love? Overall my thought process is always circling around why am I thinking and feeling this? How is it making those around me feel? How are others feelings affecting me?
    Beside all this I think this man is very deep emotionally for a scientist and as a literary mind I find his points appealing and easily accessible for my mind to comprehend.

  • #1Lazer
    #1Lazer Год назад

    I missed where he said who told him he had no more than a year to live, and for what reason.? Oh, no one can answer my question because I can't receive comments.

  • #1Lazer
    #1Lazer Год назад

    I'm a male, most would say a strong or alpha male, and I get a lot of emotional relief when I make myself cry about once a month. I call it my period. For those who may want to ask me questions or make any comment to me, you should know RU-clip has blocked me from receiving any comments or feedback entirely. Even though most of my comments are questions on non controversial subjects. I wish I could have a conversation with you, but sadly it's not possible.
    He looks a lot like the guy who used to put out psychology videos peter gerlach.? He wrote a very interesting book, I think it was titled "Who's really running your life".

  • Mikael Oinas
    Mikael Oinas Год назад

    Thats cute but ad hoc.

  • Saif Khan
    Saif Khan Год назад

    claps for his lecture......salute you sir..blessings from my side.

  • Tapio Myllärinen
    Tapio Myllärinen Год назад

    Time after time i get surprised which kind of diamond we can explore as a modern explorer of our interest. Peace to your soul ... my soul friend.

  • Lowtom Membrane
    Lowtom Membrane Год назад

    Thank you.

  • Lowtom Membrane
    Lowtom Membrane Год назад

    Teach the looking glass BEFORE the child burns an ANT.

  • Lowtom Membrane
    Lowtom Membrane Год назад

    Specific DE-compensation.

  • Lucky DeSilva
    Lucky DeSilva Год назад

    Great work.
    Reminds me of Dr Candace Pert's work.
    Thank you . With respect

  • Daniel Smith
    Daniel Smith Год назад

    I was only listening to the audio.
    His message is powerful, informative, and beyond respectable.
    His voice is unbearable.

  • ytinformes2
    ytinformes2 Год назад

    R.I.P. Jaal Penksepp. Science and research lost a great investigator and innovator. Your rats wont laugh for a while

  • Athena X
    Athena X Год назад +4

    Aw he died in april :(

  • Madelyn Griffith-Haynie
    Madelyn Griffith-Haynie Год назад +1

    RIP Jaak. Your work made a difference - and, hopefully, increasingly more of your cynical colleagues will sit up and pay attention. Thank you for your generous sharing - and your kindness to all things great and small -- as well as your many contributions to the study of emotions at the dawn of the study of affective neuroscience. You will be missed.
    (Madelyn Griffith-Haynie - ADDandSoMuchMORE dot com)
    ADD/EFD Coach Training Field founder; ADD Coaching co-founder
    "It takes a village to transform a world!

  • joon lee
    joon lee Год назад


  • windydayuser021
    windydayuser021 Год назад

    for the inner of no matter what animal, i don't count experiments. sorry! reality has a lot a lot to study that we didn't already, why need needle point to a narrow matter to learn what is in our inner. stuffs related each other in inner.

  • Ömer Faruk Altıparmak
    Ömer Faruk Altıparmak Год назад

    Bunu Türkçeye çevirebilir misiniz lütfen

  • Cindy Nice
    Cindy Nice Год назад

    Money money money for Cindy nice420$$$

  • Marsha Creary
    Marsha Creary Год назад

    Aren't primal emotions are experiences through the limbic system?

    • Jason Reed
      Jason Reed 11 месяцев назад

      Yes. There was almost literally zero true information in that video. I'm starting to calm down now. OMG

  • Family & Play Therapy Center
    Family & Play Therapy Center Год назад

    A psychology of joy! Thank you Jaak! Dottie

  • Debonaire Death
    Debonaire Death Год назад

    "Science does not answer why questions: it answers how questions." Probably the most important quote for any researcher. I think the social sciences have largely forgotten this axiom.

  • higher frequencies
    higher frequencies Год назад

    emotions elevate

  • Jintaro Kensei
    Jintaro Kensei Год назад

    Wanted to figure out why I lack empathy. This video won't be of use.

  • Dee Ray
    Dee Ray Год назад

    If a person is depressed because of some problems in relationships pill paupery will only solve the symptom not the source of distress.

  • Dee Ray
    Dee Ray Год назад

    Pill paupery wont solve anything. Emotions are the existential compass of our lives. If you just reduce it to circuits and pills you simply wont get it.

  • José Yánez
    José Yánez Год назад

    Amazing and very informative talk. I had never been exposed to any publication from Panksepp but now I will look into his research after watching this. Absolute genius.

  • NathanGraffiti
    NathanGraffiti Год назад

    Very interesting

  • Bella Dorra
    Bella Dorra Год назад

    try to add Arabic translation please ,thanks

  • Murray Davis
    Murray Davis Год назад +1

    Goes with Bowlby's studies. How wonderful, not only insight into our human behaviour, but into our respect of animals.

  • Saraanne Guthrie
    Saraanne Guthrie Год назад

    Thinking that this connects to the book due to us all connecting through emotions. Learning that the brain is different and emotions can influence certain ways of acting.

  • Saraanne Guthrie
    Saraanne Guthrie Год назад

    Hearing that the animal mind connects through chickens with ginuea pigs show sadness and not knowing exactly what the animals are thinking of. Thinking that they would be able to come up with if have angry thoughts you will have angry reactions and that there is no pill for that. Seeing what the primal emotions and affective feelings are is opening the way I think about how I've been feeling even now.

  • Hemant P
    Hemant P Год назад +6

    Man is nothing but underlying chain of chemical reactions

    • susan-jillian smith
      susan-jillian smith Месяц назад

      Nothing more than chemical reactions... ? What would stir up those reactions? The reactions don't just happen - they are "reacting" to something. Emotions. Emotions like love stir up those wonderful chemical reactions. We are not robots.

    • susan-jillian smith
      susan-jillian smith Месяц назад

      +not my real pseudonym I agree with you!

    • not my real pseudonym
      not my real pseudonym 11 месяцев назад +3

      Hemant P - nah that's just reductionism. Why not go subatomic or pull out of the microscope and go telescopic and view us as a collection of relationships between bodies etc. We are a mystery and matter more than matter

  • Robert B
    Robert B Год назад

    Pharma shills in the comment section. lol

  • TheOne
    TheOne Год назад

    emotions come from the soul. emotions are proof of the existence of souls, yes, animals also have souls.

    • Tesla Nick
      Tesla Nick Год назад

      You've commented that on a video that proves your statement wrong.

  • JoeNoobie
    JoeNoobie Год назад +53

    Rest in peace, Mr Panksepp. You were a genius and an unsung hero. I learned so much of how the mind works, because of your priceless research into the state of emotional mind of organisms. You will be sorely missed, and I vow that your field will achieve the esteemed place it deserves in scientific research, treatment of illness, and physical study of the brain, some day. Not only did you do incalculably valuable research into the human condition, (indeed all life) but you did it with the care necessary for the subjescts of your research. You have shown us, that research animals, indeed all animals, are not just tools for humans to achieve, but worthwhile organisms, worthy of being thanked for their assistance. Your spirit must have been carried away in a chariot of gold, drawn by pure white rats. The laughter of the knock-out mice and other small creatures, will resound throughout the heavens for eternity, due to your dilligence, and respect for all life. Thank you for teaching us, and bringing your brand of science into the light.

  • Juan Gastelum
    Juan Gastelum Год назад +4

    where or how can i get a transcript of this?

    • N K
      N K 7 месяцев назад

      You can download the entire transscribed monologue from all TED talks and other vids just google that and insert this video url. Then it downloads as a txt file which you can open with most computers and read. one site is downsub. Go google it

    • Jason Reed
      Jason Reed 11 месяцев назад +1

      In the fiction isle of any children's section of the library. Right next to "Cat in the Hat".

  • Valencia Ray MD
    Valencia Ray MD Год назад

    Glad to see this conversation happening. In light of neuroplasticity, however, I suggest being very careful about dooming people to the fate of 'the rest of their lives' of not being able to heal their emotions or connectivity to others if they have a less than stellar childhood as far as bonding goes. I recall in medical school that we were taught years ago that after age 21 or so, our brain could not produce new brain cells...very wrong in light of neuroplasticity. I never bought into it, it made no sense. I believe our body has vast potential for healing and rejuvenation when we stop making so many assumptions that only lead to 'self-fulfilling prophecies' of the victim or fixed mindsets.

    • Valencia Ray MD
      Valencia Ray MD Год назад

      James...have you read anything on adult neurogenesis? It doesn't seem like it, considering your response? Besides, if you need the black or white security and predictability of new neuroscience research may be disappointed. What is true this year, may change next year. Mental agility would be advisable in this area of study. ...Not dogmatism.

    • Valencia Ray MD
      Valencia Ray MD Год назад

      Considering you never went to medical school in the first place...what do you know....not very much apparently.

    • Tesla Nick
      Tesla Nick Год назад

      +Valencia Ray MD
      _' I recall in medical school that we were taught years ago that after age 21 or so, our brain could not produce new brain cells...very wrong in light of neuroplasticity.'_
      Nope. Your medical school was correct. Neuroplasticity describes neural pathways, not neurons themselves. You need to go back to school. Seems you've bought into some kind of new age bullshit.
      _'I believe our body has vast potential for healing and rejuvenation when we stop making so many assumptions that only lead to 'self-fulfilling prophecies' of the victim or fixed mindsets.'_
      Who cares what you or any one 'believes'. What can you PROVE...

    • James Marcus Solzan
      James Marcus Solzan Год назад

      Valencia Ray MD Don't think it's about generating new cells as much as it's about generating new CONNECTIONS.🔑

  • Primal Mind Primal Games
    Primal Mind Primal Games Год назад

    Great talk Jaak, and I very much appreciate all the work and discoveries that you and your colleagues have made. As an independent science writer who co-researched and co-wrote two books on the human mind-brain system, namely Primal Mind, Primal Games: Why We Do What We Do, I was especially intrigued with your summation table identifying key emotions that appear around the 5:50 mark in your 17+ minute TEDx talk. I think this maps well onto our three-fold mindset model which is derivative of the Fight-Flight and Freeze instinct substrate, as it shows an elaboration and evolution of the emotional system into more subtle and complex variant expressions. (Co-author Paul H. LeMay)

    • Paul LeMay
      Paul LeMay Год назад

      When I posted the above, Jaak Panksepp had died only a few weeks before. I discovered this when I tried to contact him at the university in Washington State where he worked.

    • Tesla Nick
      Tesla Nick Год назад

      He died in April dude...

  • Ellukaas
    Ellukaas Год назад +4

    RIP Jaak Panksepp

  • F. Cox
    F. Cox Год назад +34

    Thank-you Dr. Panksepp and rest in peace. GOD Bless you and your life's work. It has helped me and my patients immensely. My heart goes out to the family you left behind, I wish you all peace and health.

  • Let Companion Birds Fly
    Let Companion Birds Fly Год назад

    so if animals experience pain and love, why do people slaughter them and eat them?

  • joker jolly
    joker jolly Год назад +2

    Respect and RIP

  • Strange Dog
    Strange Dog Год назад +10

    It is difficult to progress as a society when so many people won't accept that the mind is generated by the brain, and in the same way for humans as for other animals. Effective social policy, including animal welfare policy, mental health policy, and drug addiction policy, has to be based on rational understanding, combined with compassion.

    • Bankai Summoner
      Bankai Summoner Год назад

      Strange Dog that is why you have to change education

  • Rolando Tillit
    Rolando Tillit Год назад +1

    Trash pop psychology. If any of this bullshit was correct we'd have better psychiatric and psychological tools. The truth is our understanding is flawed.

  • Steve Smekar
    Steve Smekar Год назад

    If science is so great, why are they all about boiling it down to a pill? If science is so great, why don't they see that we have too many pills now, with all the attendant addictions and deaths?

  • RobertLisa Meyer
    RobertLisa Meyer Год назад

    GLAX-13 a NMDA receptor glycine - from Allergan Pharmaceuticals and Naurex - - as described by Dr. Jaak Panksepp - When?? What is the website to receive an application for inclusion in the trial studies?

    • Jason Reed
      Jason Reed 11 месяцев назад

      Notice GLAX13 not only has absolutely nothing to do with any emotion altering chemistry AND that even though this "promising research" happened years ago, there is literally nothing resembling this "drug" on the market for any sort of mental illness.