The 1960s Freed People To Express Themselves

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  • Published on Mar 29, 2019
  • The speaker is Frithjof Bergmann the famed professor of philosophy at the University of Michigan. He was an articulate witness to the changes that took place in America and especially on universities in the 1960s. He went on to study blue-collar workers at the automobile plants in Michigan and developed a concept for work he called “new work”. He also wrote the popular books “On Being Free” and “The Experience Of Values”. I interviewed him in 1989 for my TV series looking at the 1960s. I remember at the time of the interview that virtually every answer he gave to my questions was fascinatingly unique. #1960s #bergmann #work #philosophy
  • Film & AnimationFilm & Animation

Comments • 26

  • shaman sabbathian
    shaman sabbathian 3 days ago

    Fascinating insights. I enthuse constantly about newly discovered literary works to ostensible indifference. People read, naturally, but seemingly sans initiative, zeitgeist tomes take precedence over more random, obscure choices. I always mention Clark Ashton Smith, and, sadly, very few have heard of him, and yet, many of his giddy flights of fantasy remain unrivaled. Turn off the telly box and travel somewhere far more interesting with C.A.S! Great channel.

  • Eve Kohley
    Eve Kohley 7 days ago

    This is literally the internet!

  • Gateaux Q
    Gateaux Q Month ago +3

    And then they grew out of that phase, settled down, and made a gross approximation of the lives their parents led. They delivered us Reagan on a plate and never once thought about how that would ultimately affect their children. It was all dressup and flights of fancy. I think he believes that his students were somehow on a different level than other generations when they were just rebelling against their parents and doing what they wanted to because no one told them ‘no’.

    They’d never have to worry about college loans or where they’d get money to buy a house and car. How many of those students have gone on to become revolutionary, radical thinkers and carried what they learned in college further? Very few, I’d wager.

    • Eve Kohley
      Eve Kohley 7 days ago

      Gateaux Q well, 2 things. One, this was 1989, so I mean we kinda got that message when he says how the current generation acts.
      But two, leftist activism basically got massacred by the govt with Vietnam drafting, FBI infiltration, drug distribution, and making marijuana a crime, and then taking the vote away from previous felons. Also cults happened.
      I would suggest looking into how the anti-war movement got dissolved to understand how the left got effectively wiped out in American politics.
      Also i can say from experience that anarchism runs the whole left-right spectrum so political pipelines probably contributed to the neutralization.
      On top of that, the way communes & cults worked basically contributed to how we market internet platform makers as like single genius messiahs & the rise of that surveillance capitalism.
      So that's basically what I'm able to give to you as a response. Basically the revolutionaries got killed, disabled, disenfranchised, or pipelined into like fascisty causes. It's not that they all betrayed their beliefs or that their beliefs were weak. I mean their safety nets got removed.
      I will say this too: the rejection away of the identity of "the masses" while making niches basically was the trope in horror movies where teens decide to split up & that kills them all. They could've all had their niches but unity is needed for an immune system. Like with how antifascist movements work to stop immediate threats. Alas, war is the basis for fascism, capitalism, imperialism, so on & so forth.

  • super8guy
    super8guy Month ago +1

    Sandals were once considered radical and anathema by those in power? Truly we’ve come a long way, baby!

  • PS
    PS Month ago +10

    Why we don't take passionate intellectuals more seriously than celebrities and reality TV is beyond me.

    • Naomi Jones
      Naomi Jones Month ago

      PS PS he himself states it in another part of the interview, it’s all about charisma and, bluntly, sexiness

  • centervilletn
    centervilletn Month ago +3

    yes ...they were freed to express themselves...of coruse they were all to high to remember.....seriously though, non conformity and the avant-garde is soon normalized and absorbed into the culture and therefore is no longer novel or creative...and then there is the tendency to return to norms of the past either for expedience and practical reasons or as an acknowledgement of the failures of their youthful ignorance and idealism. Every generation has its "great cause...every generation takes 3 steps forward and two steps back...the folks of the 60s like to think they changed the world ...and they did for a season...then the world drifted back ...amost to where it was before ...some change but not nearly all that was imagined ...probably for the best.

    • Noctis Nova
      Noctis Nova Month ago

      Tell that to the silent generation. Always felt so bad for them they were always seen as going through a lot and keep going without much complaint.

  • Tru Hill
    Tru Hill Month ago +6

    I’m 18 and obsessed with the past. Thank you so much for these flashbacks. Honestly, I couldn’t be more grateful. I love them.

  • Marcus Ekner
    Marcus Ekner Month ago +1

    I remember not agreeing with this professors' view on work. But what he says here resonates with me. Teachers are best when on edge, when they must "deliver" as he says. Students should demand it. I feel like reading his book now.

    • Marcus Ekner
      Marcus Ekner Month ago

      +Anon Anonymous That might be different from country to country, though. Where I live, the students are more like the docile diligent note-takers as opposed to the kind that places demands. But I've noticed when professors place demands on themselves, the learning experience is far enriched. From that I conjectured that student demands might achieve similar results. But I must be wrong.

    • Anon Anonymous
      Anon Anonymous Month ago

      No-you're missing the point. Student demands have made it so that professors teach the "sexy" material but not the substance that students should really know. This is why millennials don't know very much. Many professors have said this to me.

  • Katherine Kelly
    Katherine Kelly Month ago +7

    Self imposed conformity to avoid stigma and social ostracism while reaping the benefits of inclusion is a fascinating dynamic to observe. It is a ageless impulse that changes over time and from culture to culture, yet always remains in some form. At its heart is the tension between the individual and all other individuals experienced as the collective. For the west In the 60's it was long hair on men and women burning their bras. Today in the west it is the transgender movement and rise of the LGBTQ... in general. Society (collective) is the parent and the individual is the child wanting both the freedom to let go of the parents hand and stand on their own while retaining the security of keeping the parent close at hand. Freedom to be through proof of acceptance yet without loss of inclusion. This is the eternal tension experienced by all except those who let go of the hand forever or those who never let go.

    • Katherine Kelly
      Katherine Kelly Month ago +1

      That is a kind suggestion but I have so little anonymity in my world that I would find the idea of being on social media intolerable. I love my privacy, what little I have. The internet is a dangerous place to play for those who value being invisible. Thank you for sharing your work. You are a gifted film maker who has taken the road less traveled and that has made all the difference.

    • David Hoffman
      David Hoffman  Month ago +1

      It should says " what you are suggesting."

    • David Hoffman
      David Hoffman  Month ago +1

      A Fascinating perspective. I wish you would become a subscriber and watch my video clips on the community pulldown menu on my homepage we show you how to make a video to express what you are Suggested.
      David Hoffman-filmmaker

  • pat
    pat Month ago +13

    I'm well aware of what the 60's did for my generation, and I sure as hell don't appreciate it.

    • pat
      pat Month ago

      +Paddy McGibson he literally says one less than ten seconds into the video.

    • Paddy McGibson
      Paddy McGibson Month ago +1

      For example?

  • Allison Hamer
    Allison Hamer Month ago

    Who is the handsome guy in the thumbnail?

  • Flabba Noongah
    Flabba Noongah Month ago +6

    1960's = Weimar 2.0 courtesy of God's chosen psychopaths.

    • Gateaux Q
      Gateaux Q Month ago

      Daaaamn. Accurate

    • Deadman
      Deadman Month ago +3

      Flabba Noongah More people are waking up, I’m happy to see

  • S E
    S E Month ago +10

    Unfortunately now we are having a very strange resurgence of conformity to norms so extreme that women who don't behave hyperfemininely are believing themselves to be agender, nonbinary and/or queer. Being female is being seen as restrictive not expansive. The converse with men is somewhat true also.

  • VictrolaJazz
    VictrolaJazz Month ago +7

    It's hard to believe, but the Waco Independent School District built a new high school in 1969 to replace the 1910 one downtown based expressly on the ideas at about 2:10. I visited it during the summer before it opened while I was out in the northeast corner of town close to the MCC campus (McLennan Community College), and went inside and thought I was in the library because there were no walls. I asked someone where the classrooms were and they said they're designated by rows of extremely lot seating, but otherwise open. The idea being promoted was that you didn't have a teacher discoursing at the front of the classroom (teaching, horrors) because of course they had nothing to say to all these free spirits just waiting for their creative talents to be released. Of course, it was completely useless and was obvious from the start, trying to each with no walls between classrooms, and everyone who had been sold on it had egg on their faces. The school board quickly arranged for Richfield High School to become the new Waco High and any overflow was absorbed by University High where'd I'd graduated a decade earlier. The building became the home of the art department for MCC as it still exists today. My mother, who had been teaching since 1924, decided she'd seen enough and retired in 1970.